Lewis topped all three parts of qualifying, ending the final shootout 0.239s clear of title rival Sebastian Vettel.
The three-time World Champ failed to improve on his final run, losing time in the third sector, but his record breaking lap of 1:33.108 from his opening attempt was good enough to secure his 11th pole of 2017 - and move him into first on the al-time leader board for most front row starts with 117.
"The team have done an exceptional job all weekend to filter the data that we have gathered and put the car in the right place," said Lewis.
"This is such a fantastic circuit - it's really challenging, you're constantly dancing with the car. I'm really happy to be on pole, but we know we're often strong through practice and qualifying and have found the races tougher this year.
"I'm looking forward to a nice race tomorrow with Sebastian and Valtteri. This is a track where you can follow and overtake. I remember the race in 2012 when I passed Sebastian for the win - I hope he's not that close tomorrow, but let's see."